You may have noticed in my previous posts about the needs and requirements of 1:1 paperless devices that I did not mention “management/maintenance” as an important consideration.
The reason for this is because, although it actually is an important factor to consider, we have to keep in mind the following:
- The priority for choosing a device is the educational experience; the #1 priority is to improve learning and productivity, and all other factors (including pricetag and IT management) are, in my opinion, secondary to this primary goal. Even though they are still very important, it doesn’t do much good to get a device that is “cheap” or “easy for tech support and maintenance” if the device isn’t very useful in the classroom.
- There is not an “unmanageable” device. Every major category of device — Mac, Windows, iOS, Android, Chromebook — is manageable; it may simply be a matter of different methods and (sometimes) additional software or systems that may be necessary.
I am going to start by pointing out some of the IT setup/management/maintenance benefits and limitations of each of the above , and then explain some ways that Windows devices can, in fact, be fairly easy to manage and maintain — no more difficult than iPads, Android tablets, or Macs.
||IT Management & Concerns
||Windows is used on nearly 90% of devices out there (source: NetMarketShare), and has been used as an enterprise solution for many years, and thus has a lot of support by IT departments and various software programs to help cloning of devices, standardization of machines, account profiles (Active Directory, etc.), and monitoring tools.On the other hand, this long-standing and widespread use also tends to cause Windows to be more of a target for hackers and malware. Windows has long had a reputation for some issues, including susceptibility to virus, spyware, or other malware. Windows 8 is far more stable and secure than previous versions, but these are still valid concerns.
|Mac (OS X)
||Very similar to Windows, the Mac OS has been around for a long time and has gone through many iterations. OS X is not as widely-adopted at the enterprise level — accounting for about 7% of all devices out there — but it has been around long enough that there are various IT tools to help clone and manage these devices, similar to Windows. OS X also has a reputation for being more secure, so protective measures may not be as high of a priority as Windows (note: no OS is 100% invulnerable! There have been recent reports of trojans on OS X, for example.)
||Generally speaking, iOS is a much “simpler” operating system than full-fledged computers like OS X or Windows. This simplicity eliminates a lot of loopholes and headaches that could occur, allowing the appearance and installation of apps to be more standardized and streamlined. However, this “walled garden” approach can also cause some management headaches — especially when it comes to installing apps on multiple devices. iTunes accounts can be tricky to manage, and installs on multiple devices can be tedious and time consuming, although there are now specialized tools to simplify this process.
||Although Android devices have now surpassed iOS overall, this is mainly driven by smartphones (not tablets), and generally dealt with at the end-user level since this represents consumer demand more than enterprise-wide adoptions. Since there are so many different versions of both hardware and software versions for Android, it creates “fragmentation” with different capabilities and limitations across devices; this is one of several reasons why there are not as many tools for simplifying the install and management pipeline for IT departments working with Android. On the one hand, Android is much more open and accessible than iOS, allowing for expanded opportunities and capabilities, but also allowing for various headaches (including recent reports of malware!)
||Chromebooks run “Chrome OS”, which is a specialized install of Linux operating system, running Chrome web browser as the central software. In essence, this makes Chromebooks different than all of the above devices, because most laptops and tablets use installed apps and programs. For the most part, Chromebooks do not do this – they simply provide a “client” device to access remote apps run on internet websites; a.k.a. “Cloud Computing”This can really simplify things, because the above concerns about managing multiple installs, or preventing malware, are pretty much eliminated. On the other hand, there are other IT concerns to deal with – namely, issues of bandwidth, connectivity, privacy, and ensuring that the cloud apps you want to access can actually be used by students (many have Terms of Service that specify minimum age requirements which rule out use by younger students.)
Having acknowledged the challenges of each popular 1:1 solution, we can see that there are always considerations to keep in mind — and there are always solutions to each problem, some may just take more time or specialized software than others.
In the upcoming posts I will explain how you can streamline use of Windows 8 devices (like the Lenovo Thinkpad Tablet 2) for use in your school, and minimize the work required to install software and reduce anxieties about students accidentally (or intentionally) “messing up” the devices (through actions as innocuous as moving around desktop icons, or as worrisome as virus infections.) These are the 4 basic types of tools you may want to consider if using Windows (or even Mac) devices:
- Cloning / imaging software to simplify software installs onto multiple devices, and ensure standardization (in our case, we are starting by using Acronis True Image; there are several other options)
- “Freezing” or “locking” software to easily prevent or roll back any changes made to the computer, essentially “freezing” it in a state that you desire (we are using Faronics Deep Freeze to accomplish this)
- Anti-Malware software (optional), such as Sophos or Norton. Due to the improved Windows security and firewall features combined with software such as Deep Freeze, antivirus software may not even be necessary but could be an optional “extra precaution.”
- Classroom Device Management / Monitoring software (optional), such as SMART Sync a.k.a. “SynchronEyes.” There are a few different programs that will allow you as a teacher (or an admin) to be able to see each student’s screen, track their behaviors and activities on the devices, take screenshots or broadcast student or teacher screen to other devices, send and retrieve quizzes, polls, or files from students, set filtering and restrictions for apps or websites that are accessible to students, and more options. This type of software is not necessary for a 1:1 or paperless classroom, but it can certainly be nice to have.